Last month an open letter signed by 300 academics encouraged Canadian politicians to support the full decriminalization of prostitution in Canada. Today, a letter signed by over 800 feminists and allies calls on politicians to look towards the Nordic model — a model which decriminalizes prostitutes, criminalizes pimps and johns, and institutes services and supports for those who wish to exit the industry — as a solution to the issue of prostitution and sex trafficking in Canada. The model has been successful in Sweden since 1999, has since been adopted by Norway and Iceland, and has been recommended by French parliament and EU Parliament. It is a feminist model that focuses explictily on the gender inequality inherent to the sex industry.

 

Right Hon. Stephen Harper, Prime Minister, Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada,
Mr. Thomas Mulcair, MP, Leader of the Official Opposition, the New Democratic Party of Canada,
Mr. Justin Trudeau, MP, Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada,
Mr. Jean-François Fortin, MP, Interim Leader of the Bloc Québécois,
Ms. Elizabeth May, MP, Leader of the Green Party of Canada

April 23, 2014

Dear Sirs and Madam,

We—the undersigned—are women who work in different capacities to end violence against women and to protect and advance women’s rights to equality. Prostitution is a practice in which women’s subordination to men is inherent and lived out repeatedly. Consequently, we are writing to you today to urge you to support the “Nordic approach” to legislation on prostitution for Canada, because it includes legislation, intensive social supports, and public education strategies, all designed to reduce and eliminate prostitution.

We are aware of the March 27 open letter from the Gender and Sexual Health Initiative at the University of British Columbia (GSHI), which calls for decriminalization of all aspects of prostitution, including buyers and profiteers, on the grounds that this is the only “evidence‑based” policy option.

The use of the term “evidence-based” has become a smear used by those supporting the sex industry to suggest that those who oppose it in the name of women’s equality are arguing from a position of nothing more than anecdote or opinion.  The list of signatories implies that only those with formal credentials can “research” or interpret evidence.  We reject both of these premises.  Evidence about the harms of prostitution is gathered by academic researchers, survivors of prostitution and those working on the front-line. That evidence proves that prostitution is violence against women.

This is not only a dispute about evidence; it is a dispute about goals and principles, and legislators will have to decide carefully which principles they wish to uphold, and which goals they wish to pursue, for women in Canada. The evidence in the same studies and government reports cited in the GHSI letter supports intensive efforts, worldwide, to reduce and eliminate prostitution. All reports and studies on prostitution confirm that, as the Ontario Court of Appeal said in Bedford, “prostitution is inherently dangerous in virtually any circumstance.”[1] Merely attempting to reduce the ancillary dangers of prostitution is an inadequate, and in our view, discriminatory strategy.

The signatories to the GHSI letter believe that prostitution, or ‘sex work’, is sex between consenting adults; that a bright line can be drawn between ‘sex work’ and trafficking and child prostitution; and that a harm reduction strategy is all that is necessary to moderate the worst effects of the commercial sex industry.  We believe that prostitution constitutes violence against women because it is a practice of subordination and exploitation that is gendered, raced, and classed; that, as the Supreme Court of Canada found in Bedford, most women cannot be said to choose prostitution,[2] and consequently, in the experience of women, any line between prostitution, trafficking and child prostitution is more artificial than real. Therefore, we believe that a strategy that affirms the human dignity of women and girls is essential and the only approach consistent with Canada’s principles of equality.

A Women’s Equality Framework

First of all, any new approach to prostitution must be set in a women’s equality framework and reflect the fact that equality for women is a fundamental principle of Canadian law, enshrined in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and set out in human rights legislation that governs employment and services in all jurisdictions in the country.  Prostitution is a social institution that both manifests and embeds the inequality between women and men, perpetuating women’s subordination to men, and their status as sexual commodities for men’s use. In Canada, as elsewhere, men are overwhelmingly buyers and women are the ones being sold. It is not sufficient in the face of these facts to take an approach that might merely reduce the harms that surround prostitution, when prostitution itself is a reinforcement of women’s subordination.

Further, the evidence is clear, including in affidavits filed by both the claimants and the defendants in the Bedford case, that women enter into prostitution because of economic need and profound social disadvantage. As it makes no sense to penalize women for their sexual, social, and economic inequality, we endorse the legislative approach of the Nordic model, that is, to decriminalize those—usually women— who are being bought and sold, but to apply criminal sanctions to buyers, pimps, and those who profit from the sale of women’s bodies. The criminal law by itself is not a solution to the inequality problem that prostitution represents, but it is essential, in our view, that the criminal law convey a clear message about women’s equality in Canada: in this case, the message that men’s purchase of sex is an egregious and impermissible violation of equality rights.

Who is in Prostitution?

Most women in prostitution in Canada are there because of poverty, homelessness, addictions, lack of social supports, racism, and the many harsh impacts of colonialism on Aboriginal communities and families. Aboriginal women and girls are disproportionately represented in street prostitution and among women in prostitution who have been murdered. In British Columbia, as the Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution (AWCEP) has documented, Asian women are disproportionately represented in indoor prostitution, in venues such as massage parlours, where they are advertised to clients as ‘exotic.’ Many women enter prostitution as children; many have histories of child sexual abuse. Most say they would leave prostitution if they could.

These are well‑established facts. Prostitution is evidence of, and entrenches, sex, race, and class hierarchies. In the face of this, it is wholly inaccurate to call prostitution sex between consenting adults or to explain women’s presence in prostitution as choice, when the choice of women to be in prostitution, or to leave it, is so heavily constrained.  Prostitution for poor, racialized women in Canada cannot be called liberty.

The Native Women’s Association of Canada (NWAC) has made a public call for help to stop the buying and pimping of Aboriginal women, and to stop the poverty and abuse that funnels them into prostitution. NWAC has said that its goal is to “end the prostitution of women and girls through legal and public policy measures that recognize the state’s obligations to 1) provide for basic needs and 2) protect women and girls from male violence.” The Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution (AWCEP) makes the same call. We support NWAC and AWCEP and join our voices to theirs.

It is apparent from the facts about women in prostitution that concerted and comprehensive social program intervention is required to prevent women and girls from entering prostitution and to assist them to leave it.  Well‑designed interventions by Canada’s governments, with long‑term commitments to address the social and economic disadvantage of women and girls, and particularly of Aboriginal and other racialized women and girls, will be needed, not just piecemeal short‑term exit services, drop‑in centers, or safe houses. Creating conditions that minimize the risk of women entering prostitution, and genuinely helping them to leave it, requires providing women and girls with adequate alternative sources of income, including social assistance sufficient to meet basic needs, adequate housing, access to all levels of education, decent work, child care, and counseling, addiction, and mental health services.

On this point too we find the Nordic model helpful, because it is clear that criminal law, by itself, is not a sufficient solution to the profound inequality that prostitution represents. Genuine programmatic and budgetary commitments by governments are also necessary to address the deeply rooted social and economic disadvantages of women and the history of sexism, racism, and colonialism that underlie prostitution.

Why Canada Should Not Legalize Buying, Pimping and Profiting

Legalizing or decriminalizing prostitution has been tried in the Netherlands, Germany, the state of Nevada, some states in Australia, and New Zealand. Such an approach means that governments and societies accept that there is an underclass of women (defined by some combination of poverty, race and addiction) who can continue to be exploited in prostitution, even though prostitution is inherently an institution of sex inequality and violence. We do not agree that prostitution is acceptable for any women, or that the goal of equality between women and men can be abandoned for some women.

The Native Women’s Association of Canada (NWAC) flatly rejects the prospect of indoor prostitution in legalized brothels as an advance for Aboriginal women and girls. They point out that Aboriginal women and girls who are in street prostitution are unlikely to move indoors because poverty and racism keep them in the most dangerous forms of prostitution. Even if this were not the case, NWAC finds that, over time, Aboriginal women and girls have been shifted from institution to institution by settler governments—residential schools, group homes, prisons. The brothel appears to be the most recent institution that is considered better and safer for Aboriginal women. But this is not equality for Aboriginal women and girls. As AWCEP knows from the experience of its members, indoor prostitution is no answer; it merely puts hard walls around the inequality of poor and racialized women, and leaves it unchanged.

Further, legalization and decriminalization, as an approach, renders the men who are buyers, pimps, and prostitution entrepreneurs invisible; their activities become protected, legal, and normalized.  We believe that this is a wrong approach: men must be held accountable when they subordinate and exploit women. Equality for women cannot be achieved in Canada if we are unwilling to engage with the cruel reality that men exploit women in prostitution.

Even within the limited goal that legalization sets for itself – i.e., to reduce the harms that surround prostitution – the evidence does not show that it has succeeded.  The most recent comprehensive study of prostitution and trafficking in one hundred and fifty countries finds that countries that have legalized prostitution show an increased inflow of trafficked persons, and growth in the size of the prostitution industry.[3] Government reports from Germany, the Netherlands, and New Zealand say that street prostitution persists,[4] and that there is little improvement in the conditions of women in prostitution.[5] The violence inherent in prostitution is accepted by legalization, and the violence regularly associated with prostitution does not disappear.

In addition, what is legalized and normalized is not just individual prostitution transactions, but the prostitution industry. It not only becomes legal for individual men to purchase access to women’s bodies, but also legal to own and run a business that sells access to women’s bodies, or for employers in isolated work locations to provide men access to women for sex as an aspect of employment. For Canada to take this step would be both dangerous and discriminatory.

Where Should Canada Stand?

Canada has a history of commitment to women’s equality, to racial equality, and to vigorous social programs as a means of creating a more egalitarian society in which the basic needs of all Canadians are met. In addition the rights of Aboriginal peoples, and of Aboriginal women to live free from violence, are set out in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, recently endorsed by Canada. Consistent with Canada’s long‑standing commitments to equality, we urge you now to support a Nordic‑model approach to new legislative, programmatic, and public education strategies to reduce and eliminate prostitution in Canada.

We do not accept prostitution as a solution to women’s poverty; we want something much better for Canada’s poor and racialized women and girls. We believe you do too, and we urge you to act on your commitments to women and to an egalitarian Canada.

List of Signatories

1. Hamai Abdiwahabu – Bénévole GAP, Chateauguay, QC, Canada

2. Saadatou Abdoulkarim – Militante féministe, QC, Canada

3. Esohe Aghatise – Executive Director, Associazione Iroko Onlus, Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, Torino, Italy

4. Ijose Aghatise – Ospedale Amedeo di Savoia, Turin, Italy

5. Roseline Iroghama Aghatise – Iroko Charity Organisation, Nigeria

6. Isoken Aikpitanyi – Sex Trafficking Survivor and co founder of Associazione Ragazze di Benin City, Italy

7. Dr. Ochuko Ajari – Boston, MA, United States

8. Soerette Alexandre – Mémorante en linguistique, Militante féministe, Haïti

9. Geneviève Allard – Scientfique en environnement, Rimouski, QC, Canada

10. Jess Alley – TDEV Concordia University, Montreal QC, Canada

11. Gwendoline Allison – Foy Allison Law Group, Vancouver, BC, Canada

12. Gisèle Ampleman – Membre du comité québécois de conscientisation, QC, Canada

13. Rachel Ariey-Jouglard – Gatineau, QC, Canada

14. Margaretha Aronson – Member of Fredrika Bremer Förbundet, Sweden

15. Association Femmes pour le Dire, Femmes pour Agir, France

16. Gertrud Åström – President, the Swedish Women’s Lobby

17. Kelsey Atkinson – Vancouver, BC, Canada

18. Ti-Grace Atkinson – Radical feminist, Cambridge, MA, United States

19. Nancy Aubé – Intervenante, Rouyn-Noranda, PQ, Canada

20. Michele Audette – President, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

21. Professor Constance Backhouse – B.A., LL.B., LL.M., LL.D. (HonsLSUC), LL.D. (Hons U Man), Distinguished University Professor and University Research Chair at the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

22. Roxanne Badger – Bénévole GAP, Chateaugay, QC, Canada

23. Cenen M. Bagon – Vancouver Committee for Domestic Workers and Caregivers Rights, Vancouver, BC, Cana

24. Jane Bailey – B.A.S., M.I.R., LL.B., LL.M. Associate Professor, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

25. Iliana Balabanova-Stoicheva – Coordinator of Bulgarian Women’s Lobby, Bulgaria

26. Grace Balbutin – Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

27. Ilaria Baldini – Resistenza femminista, Italy

28. Sheila Ballantyne – PhD candidate, Mining Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

29. Gabriela Delgado Ballesteros – Investigadora, Programa Universitario Derechos Humanos, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

30. Ixtlan Pax Ballesteros – Azusa, CA, United States

31. Jose Krisanto Ballesteros – Manila, Philippines

32. Pauline Ballesteros – Azusa, CA, United States

33. Kat Banyard – UK Feminista, United Kingdom

34. Trisha Baptie – Formerly Exploited Voices Now Educating, Vancouver, BC, Canada

35. Paula Barber – Toronto, ON, Canada

36. Pauline Baril – Montréal, QC, Canada

37. Sharon Barnes – Student, Vancouver, BC, Canada

38. Cassandra Barnaby – Reception, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

39. Kathleen Barry – Ph.D. Sociologist, Professor Emerita, Author of: Female Sexual Slavery and Prostitution of Sexuality: Global Exploitation of Women, United States

40. Claudette Bastien – Présidente du Comité d’action contre la traite humaine interne et internationale, Infirmière semi-retraitée, Montréal, QC, Canada

41. Brigitte Martel Baussant – Secrétaire générale de la Coordination française pour le lobby européen des femmes

42. Suzanne Baustad – Immigration and Refugee Law Paralegal, Vancouver, BC, Canada

43. Rosalyn Baxandall – Distinguished Teaching Professor Emeritus, SUNY, Old Westbury (now CUNY Labor School), NY, United States

44. Rose Beatty – Member of University Women’s Club, Vancouver, BC, Canada

45. Huguette Beauchamp, S.M. – Travailleuse sociale retraitée mais secrétaire au conseil général des srs. De miséricorde, QC, Canada

46. Julie Béchard – Centre Passerelle, Timmins, ON, Canada

47. Carole Bédard – QC, Canada

48. Hélène Bédard – QC, Canada

49. Louise Bégin – Montréal, QC, Canada

50. Professor Louise Bélanger Hardy LL.B., LL.M. – University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

51. Claire Bélanger – Saint-Nicolas, QC, Canada

52. Josée Bélisle – Intervenante communautaire, Amos, QC, Canada

53. Janine Benedet – LLB, LLM, SJD, Associate professor of Law, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

54. Axelle Beniey – coordinatrice de projet, Guadeloupe

55. Sophie Bennett – UK Feminista, United Kingdon

56. Annette Benoit – Montréal, QC, Canada

57. Josée Benoit – survivante et militante, Malartic, QC, Canada

58. Sarah Benson – Chief Executive Officer, Ruhama: Frontline service to women affected by prostitution and sex trafficking, Ireland

59. Summer-Rain Bentham – Squamish Nation, Front line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

60. Kristen Berg – Equality Now, New York, NY, United States

61. Samantha Berg – Journalist and organizer, Johnstompers.com, Portland, OR, United States

62. Marina Bergadano – Law Offices, Marina Bergadano & Co., Turin, Italy

63. Catie Bergeron – intervenante, CALACS, Charlevoix, QC, Canada

64. Jocelyne Bernatchez – Directrice des ventes, Amos, QC, Canada

65. Nicole Bernier – Animatrice provinciale, QC, Canada

66. Helene Berry – RN, Vancouver, BC, Canada

67. Christine Bickson – Vancouver, BC, Canada

68. Taina Bien Aime – Executive Director, Coalition Against the Trafficking in Women

69. Geneva Biggers – Women’s peer support group member, Vancouver, BC, Canada

70. Julie Bindel – Journalist, author and feminist campaigner, United Kingdom

71. Lucie Bilodeau – Aide-jardinière, Ste-Christine, QC, Canada

72. Rebecca Bishop – Vancouver, BC, Canada

73. Cécile Bisson – QC, Canada

74. Francine Blais – Retraitée en Service social et à mi-temps, coordonnatrice des Ami-e-s de la Famille Internationale de la Miséricorde, Montréal, QC, Canada

75. Nadine Blais – Enseignante au cégep de l’Outaouais, Travailleuse sociale de formation (niveau maitrise), Gatineau, QC, Canada

76. Stassy Blais – Étudiante en technique de travail social, Amos, QC, Canada

77. Annie Blouin – Intervenante sociale au CALACS, Granby, QC, Canada

78. Linda Boisclair – Responsable du comité de la condition féminine du Conseil central du Montréal métropolitain-CSN, Longueuil, QC, Canada

79. Pierrette Boissé – Responsable du dossier sur la traite humaine à la Congrégation de Notre-Dame, Montréal, QC, Canada

80. Gabrielle Boissonneault – Intervenante, Rouyn-Noranda, PQ, Canada

81. Annick Boissonneault – travailleuse sociale, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

82. Sophie Bolduc – Stagiaire au CALCS de Chateauguay, Montréal, QC, Canada=

83. Antonia Bonito – Turin Municipality Police Force, Turin, Italy

84. Bernard Bosc – Réseau féministe “Ruptures”, QC, Canada

85. Claudia Bouchard – travaille au quotidien avec des femmes qui ont été dans la prostitution, Montréal, QC, Canada

86. Diane Bouchard – Retraitée, Charlevoix, QC, Canada

87. France Boucher – Avocate et chargée de cours à l’UQAM, Montréal, QC, Canada

88. Boucher, Mahara – ASETS Adminstrative Assistant, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

89. Nadjet Bouda – Responsable administrative à la Concertation des luttes contre l’exploitation sexuelle, Étudiante à la maitrise en science politique à l’UQAM, Montréal, QC, Canada

90. Claudie Bougon-Guibert – Conseil national des femmes françaises

91. Carole Boulebsol – Sociologue Ma., Montréal, QC, Canada

92. Mary-Lee Bouma – Resist Exploitation, Embrace Dignity (REED), Vancouver, BC,

Canada

93. Ginette Bourdon – Infirmière retraitée, Brossard, QC, Canada

94. Jeannine Bourget – Animatrice, Montréal, QC, Canada

95. Nadine Bouteilly-Dupont – President, Libres Mariannes, LMS, Member of the European Women Lobby

96. Lise Bouvet – Gender Studies Researcher, Switzerland

97. Susan B. Boyd – F.R.S.C. Professor, Chair in Feminist Legal Studies Faculty of Law at Allard Hall, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

98. Christine Boyle – Professor Emeritus States, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

99. Professor Karen Boyle – Chair in Feminist Media Studies, University of Stirling, UK

100. Easton Branam – Seattle, WA, United States

101. Valérie Brancquart – Québec, QC, Canada

102. Chantal Brassard – Intervenante sociale au CALACS, Granby, QC, Canada

103. Marie-Claude Brault – QC, Canada

104. Annick Brazeau – Travailleuse sociale, Baccalauréat en travail social, Diplôme d’études collégiales en techniques policières, Certificat universitaire en développement international, Étudiante à la maîtrise en travail social

105. Hélène Brazeau – Professeure au cégep de l’Outaouais, Maîtrise en psychoéducation de l’UQO, Cantley, QC, Canada

106. Cathy Brennan – Gender Identity Watch, United States

107. Janie Breton – Féministe, QC, Canada

108. Judith Bridge – Vancouver, BC, Canada

109. Elizabeth Briemberg – Retired Supreme Court of BC Family Conciliator, Burnaby, BC, Canada

110. Dr. Gwen Brodsky – LLB, LLm, PhD, Distinguished Visiting Scholar, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada

111. Pascale Brosseau – Intervenante, Lévis, QC, Canada

112. Cleta Brown – LLB, LLM, member of University Women’s Club, Vancouver, BC, Canada

113. Kimberly Brown – Equality Now, Nairobi, Kenya

114. Nancy Brown – SC, OBC, Vancouver, BC, Canada

115. Alma Bulawan – President, BUKLOD Survivors’ Group, Olongapo, Philippines

116. Autumn Burris – Survivors for Solutions, United States

117. Twiss Butler – Member Abolish Prostitution Now Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW International), National Organization for Women, United States

118. Dr. Shauna Butterwick – Department of Educational Studies, Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

119. Elizabeth Cahill – St John’s, NL, Canada

120. Laure Caille – General Secretary, Libres Mariannes, LMS, Member of the European Women Lobby

121. Serena Caldarone – Resistenza Femminista, Italy

122. Tulsi Callichum – Bénévole GAP, Chateauguay, QC, Canada

123. Callie Fleeger – Student, Talent, OR, United States

124. Associate Professor Angela Cameron BA, LLB, LLM, PhD – University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

125. Annie Campbell – Director, Women’s Aid Federation, Northern Ireland

126. Laura Capuzzo – Gruppo Femminile Plurale, Italy

127. Marie-Josée Carbonneau – Agente de sécurité, Amos, QC, Canada

128. Elda Carly – Équipes d’Action Contre le Proxénétisme, Paris, France

129. Chantale Caron – Agricultrice, St-Roch-de-Richelieu, QC, Canada

130. Chiara Carpita – Resistenza femminista, Italy

131. Francesca Carpita – Italy

132. Melina Caudo – Executive Director, Associazione Progettarsì, Turin, Italy

133. Carole Cayer – Intervenante, CALACS de Chateauguay, Mercier, QC, Canada

134. Ida Centola – Avigliana, Italy

135. Martha Centola – Vice President, Associazione Iroko Onlus, Turin, Italy

136. Pat Cervelli – Licensed Clinical Social Worker, Tuolumne, CA, United States

137. Gaétane Chabot – Saint-Laurent-de-l’île-d’Orléans, QC, Canada

138. Maude Chalvin – Chargée de projet intersectionnalité et agente de communication RQCALACS, Montréal, PQ, Canada

139. Yuly Chan – Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

140. Jaclyn Chang – MA, Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

141. Elaine Charkowski – United States

142. Emmanuelle Charlebois – Action ontarienne contre la violence faite aux femmes Ottawa, ON, Canada

143. Alexandra Charles – Ordförande, Stockholm, Sweden

144. Vanessa Chase – Board Member, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

145. Christiana Cheng – PhD, Vancouver, BC, Canada

146. Gaétane Chénier – Intervenante communautaire, Amos, QC, Canada

147. Missy Chirprin – Radio Host/Producer, United States.

148. Youngsook Cho – Korean Women’s Association United, South Korea

149. Jomini Chu – Vancouver, BC, Canada

150. Kim Chu – University of Calgary Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada,

151. Mélanie Clément – Action ontarienne contre la violence faite aux femmes Ottawa, ON, Canada

152. Christina Clément – femme, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

153. Karen Cody – President of the Board of Directors for The Organization for Prostitution Survivors, Seattle, WA, United States

154. Mylène Collin – Intervenante, Québec, QC, Canada

155. Jennifer Conkie – Vancouver, BC, Canada

156. Conseil national des femmes françaises

157. Coordination française pour le lobby européen des femmes

158. Lynda Coplin – retired teacher, Surrey, BC, Canada

159. Jeannine Cornellier – SNJM, Association des religieuses pour les Droits des femmes, Montréal, QC, Canada

160. Luce Côté – Montréal, QC, Canada

161. Madeleine Côté – Montréal, QC, Canada

162. Véronique Couillard – Intervenante, CALACS Charlevoix, Charlevoix, PQ, Canada

163. Kelly Coulter – Drug Policy Advocate, Ottawa, ON, Canada

164. Dr. Maddy Coy – Reader in Sexual Exploitation and Gender Equality, London Metropolitan University, UK

165. Larissa Crack – Northern Women’s Connection, Canada

166. Annie Crepin – France

167. Maisie Faith J. Dagapioso – Woman Health Philippines, Zamboanga City

168. Madeleine Dagenais – Action ontarienne contre la violence faite aux femmes Ottawa, ON, Canada

169. Octavia Dahl – United States

170. Florence Daigneault – Montréal, QC, Canada

171. Lucie Daigneault – Comptable à l’administration locale de la Maison mère des Soeurs de Miséricorde, Laval, QC, Canada

172. Mathilde Darton – Intervenante, Rouyn-Noranda, QC, Canada

173. Mélissa Dauphin – Artiste engagée, Montréal, QC, Canada

174. Jo-Anne David – Centre Colibri, Barrie, ON, Canada

175. Stephanie Davies-Arai – United Kingdom.

176. Shelagh Day – CM, Director, Poverty and Human Rights Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

177. Docteure Michèle Dayras – présidente de SOS sexisme, France

178. Aurora Javate De Dios – Executive Director, Women and Gender Institute, Miriam College, Philippines

179. Blathnaid de Faoite – Daughter of a survivor of prostitution, Ireland

180. Mia de Faoite – Survivor of Prostitution & Philosophy student at The National University of Ireland, Ireland

181. Yolande de La Bruère – Montréal, QC, Canada

182. Mary DeFusco – Esq. Director of Training and Recruitment, Defender Association of Philadelphia, United States

183. Veronica DeLorme – BA, MA, Retired, Vancouver, BC, Canada

184. Yvette Delorme – Montréal, QC, Canada

185. Theresa Delory – QC, Canada

186. Christiane Delteil – Présidente d’honneur du CIDFF 34, Membre du CT de l’Amicale du Nid “La babotte”, Montpellier, France

187. Line Demers – Adjointe administrative, Diplôme de commis-comptable, Maison d’hébergement pour elles des Deux Vallées, QC, Canada

188. Kim Deniger – Policière, DEC en Techniques Policières, Gatineau, QC, Canada

189. Amelia Denny-Keys – Student, Langley, BC, Canada

190. Linda Denny – MSW, RSW, Langley, BC, Canada

191. Annie Denoncourt – Criminologue, Intervenante jeunesse, Ste-Brigitte-des-Saults, QC, Canada

192. Anastasia DeRosa – Front line crisis worker, Vancouver Rape Relief & Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

193. Claire Desaint – Vice-President, Réussir l’égalité femmes-hommes, France=

194. Francine Descarries – Ph.D, Professeure et Directrice scientifique du Réseau québécois en études féministes (RéQEF) UQAM, Montreal, QC, Canada

195. Lise Desrochers – Éducatrice retraitée, Ville de Québec, QC, Canada

196. Tamar Dina – Music Liberatory, Halifax, NS, Canada

197. Dr. Gail Dines – Professor of Sociology, Wheelock College, Boston, MA, United States

198. Carmen Dion – Intervenante, Rouyn-Noranda, QC, Canada

199. Françoise Dion – Donnacona, QC, Canada

200. Christine Dionne – Employée du gouvernement du Canada – école de la fonction du Canada, Spécialiste en apprentissage et en développement, Baccalauréat en éducacion de l’anglais langue seconde de l’UQAM, Diplôme d’éducation aux adultes du Collège de Vancouver, Diplôme de business administration du Collège de Kingston, ON, Canada

201. Dr. Peggy Dobbins – Port Lavaca, TX, United States

202. Winifred Doherty – Good Shepherd Sister and NGO representative to the United Nations

203. Isabelle Dostie, intervenante CALACS, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

204. Francine Doucette – Secrétaire et aussi amie dans la famille internationale de la miséricorde, St-Eustache, QC, Canada

205. Siméon Doucette – Retraité de la compagnie Bell canada et ami dans la fam. Int. De la miséricorde, St-Eustache, QC, Canada

206. Jennifer Drew – Consultant to Scottish Women Against Pornography, United Kingdom

207. Marie Drouin – Militante et survivante de la prostitution, Montréal, QC, Canada

208. Laurie Drummond – Member of University Women’s Club, Vancouver, BC, Canada

209. Kim Dubé – Action ontarienne contre la violence faite aux femmes Ottawa, ON, Canada

210. Geneviève Duché – présidente de l’Amicale du Nid, France

211. Micheline Dufour – Retraitée, Charlevoix, PQ, Canada

212. Rose Dufour – Anthropologue, Directrice générale et fondatrice de la Maison De Marthe, QC, Canada

213. Caroline Dufresne – intervenante CALACS, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

214. Nathalie Duhamel – Coordonnatrice RQCALACS, Montréal, PQ, Canada

215. Monique Dumais – O.S.U., Coordonnatrice pour l’association des religieuses pour les Droits des femmes, ARDF

216. Claudette Dumont-Smith – Executive Director, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

217. Caryn Duncan – MA, Vancouver, BC, Canada

218. Catherine Dunne – Act to Prevent Trafficking, Ireland

219. Lyne Duplain – Intervenante CALACS Charlevoix, Charlevoix, PQ, Canada

220. Arianne Duplessis – Montréal, QC, Canada

221. Genevieve Dupuis – Travailleuse sociale CALACS de l’Outaouais, BAC en travail social, Aylmer, QC, Canada

222. Ilaria Durigon – Gruppo Femminile Plurale, Italy

223. Lotte Kristine Dysted – Praktikant hos Danners videncenter, NGO Danner, Denmark=

224. Eaves For Women, United Kingdom

225. Anna Edman – Sweden

226. Dele Edokpayi – Esq., Dele Edokpayi and Co Law Chambers, Benin City, Nigeria

227. Teresa Edwards – B.A., JD. Director, International Affairs and Human Rights, In-House Legal Counsel, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

228. Gunilla S. Ekberg – Former special advisor on prostitution and human trafficking to the Swedish government, human rights lawyer, Canada and Sweden

229. F. Elodie Ekobena – Agente de pastorale sociale Villeray, Montréal, QC, Canada

230. Vera Chigbufue Elue – Legal Counsel, Chicago Municipality Law Office, Chicago, United States

231. Fiona Elvines – Operations Coordinator, Rape & Sexual Support Centre Croydon, UK

232. Jean Enriquez – Executive Director, Coalition Against Trafficking in Women Asia Pacific

233. Priscilla Eppinger – Associate Professor of Religion, Chairperson of the Peace Studies Committee at Graceland University, United States

234. Carla Francesca Erie – Linguiste, Membre d’organisation féministe, Haïti

235. Professor Maria Eriksson – Professor of Social Work, School for Health, Care, and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Sweden

236. Dr. Elizabeth Evans – Lecturer in Politics, University of Bristol, UK

237. Jimena Eyzaguirre – M.Sc., M.R.M. Senior Climate Change Specialist, ESSA Technologies Ltd. Ottawa Chapter Co-chair, Canada-Mathare Education Trust

238. Natasha Falle – SEXTRADE101, ON, Canada

239. Melissa Farley – Ph.D., Prostitution Research & Education, San Francisco, CA, United States

240. Danielle Fay – BAA, Thérapeute en santé globale et naturelle, St-Alfred, QC, Canada

241. Madeleine Ferland – Criminologue, Cowansville, QC, Canada

242. Elizabetta Ferrero – Turin, Italy

243. Suzanna Finley – Equality Now, New York, NY, United States

244. Mia Finn – Mother, Langley, BC, Canada

245. Jean Fong – Frontline anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief & Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

246. Janick Fontaine – Intervenante sensibilisation, Technicienne en travail social, Thurso, QC, Canada

247. Suzanne Fortier – militante, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

248. Mireille Fortin – Montréal, QC, Canada

249. Nicole Fortin – Retraitée, Charlevoix, PQ, Canada

250. Valérie Fortin – infirmière clinicienne, Brossard, QC, Canada

251. Nicole Fouché – Présidente de Réussir l’égalité femmes-hommes, Cherchs associée, CNRS, Céna-mascipo-EHESS, Paris, France

252. Isabelle Fournier – Intervenante, CALACS de Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada

253. Monique Fournier – Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, QC, Canada

254. Lindsey Fox – Victoria, BC, Canada

255. Kirsty Foy – Foy Allison Law Group, Vancouver, BC, Canada

256. Maggie Fredette – Coordonnatrice intervention CALACS, Sherbrooke, PQ, Canada

257. Frappier, Julie – travailleuse CALACS, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

258. Lina Fucà – Turin, Italy

259. Colleen Fuller – Vancouver, BC, Canada

260. Carolyne Gagné – Professeur, Granby, QC, Canada

261. Émilie Gagnon – Infographe, Valleyfield, QC, Canada

262. Gabrielle Gagnon – Ottawa, ON, Canada

263. Jocelyne Gagnon – Retraitée, Charlevoix, PQ, Canada

264. Marielle Gagnon – Montréal, QC, Canada

265. Mariette Gagnon – Montréal, QC, Canada

266. Michèle Garceau – Citoyenne, Lachine, QC, Canada

267. Joane Garon – Intervenante CALACS de Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada

268. Elizabeth Gautchi – Med, member of University Women’s Club, Vancouver, BC, Canada

269. Chantal Gauthier – Auxilière aux familles à domicile, Montréal, QC, Canada

270. Noga Gayle – PhD, member of University Women’s Club, Vancouver, BC, Canada

271. Angela Gbemisola – United Kingdom

272. Yolande Geadah – Author, Montreal, QC, Canada

273. Monina Geaga – Secretary-General, SARILAYA, Philippines

274. Jenny Geng – Burnaby, BC, Canada

275. Mylène Geoffroy – Intervenante communautaire, Saint-Jean-de-Matha, QC, Canada

276. Carol Giardina – Asst Professor, History Dept. Queens College, NY, United States

277. Lucia Giffi – Turin, Italy

278. Lise Giguère – QC, Canada

279. Marcella Gilardoni – Gilardoni Law Offices, Turin, Italy

280. Associate Professor Daphne Gilbert BA, LLB, LLM – University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

281. Dr. Aisha K. Gill – Reader in Criminology, University of Roehampton, UK

282. Marie-Chanel Gillier – New Delhi, India

283. Jay Ginn – Older Feminists Network, United Kingdom

284. Rosanna Giorgietti – Italy

285. France Giroux – Coiffeuse, Granby, QC, Canada

286. Phyllis Giroux – S.C., M.A.(J), Kelowna, BC, Canada

287. Catriona Gold – Executive Member CUPE 2278, Vancouver, BC, Canada

288. Irene Goodwin – Director, Evidence to Action, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

289. Sonya Grenier – intervenante CALACS, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

290. Leah Gruenpeter Gold – PhD Philosophy Dept. Tel Aviv University, Israel

291. Tamara Gorin – Port Moody, BC, Canada

292. Leanore Gough – Front line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

293. Francine Gravel – Réceptioniste à l’Infirmerie de la Maison mère des Soeurs de Miséricorde, Terrebonne, QC, Canada

294. Arlana Green – Victim Services Support worker, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

295. Samantha Grey – Front line anti-violence worker, Vancouver, BC, Canada

296. Élaine Grisé – Montréal, QC, Canada

297. Associate Professor Vanessa Gruben B.Sc.H, LLB, LLM – University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

298. Catherine Guay-Quirion – Étudiante universitaire à temps plein, Amos, QC, Canada

299. Julie Guibord – Intervenante, CALACS de Chateauguay, Valleyfield, QC, Canada

300. Joana Guillaume – Professeure de philosophie, Études juridiques, Membre d’organisation féministe, Haïti

301. Susanna Gulin – Finland

302. Bernadette Gullion – Educator, BC, Canada

303. Jacqueline Gullion – MA, Vancouver, BC, Canada

304. Czarina M. Gutierrez – B.A., BC, Canada

305. Irit Hakim – Safe World for Women, United Kingdom, Correspondent in Israel

306. Francine Hamel – Retraitée, Diplômes de Maîtrise en littérature et Maîtrise en éducation (counselling de carrière), QC, Canada

307. Nicole Hamel – coordonnatrice, CALACS, Lac-à-la-Tortue, PQ, Canada

308. Carol Hanisch – Editor, MeetingGroundOnLine.org, Ellenville, NY, United States

309. Joyce Harris – Chair Sisters of St. Ann B. C. Social Justice Committee, BC, Canada

310. Jayme Hass – Junior Policy Analyst / Researcher, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Arnprior, ON

311. Karah Hawkins – Victim Advocate CEASE, Edmonton, AB, Canada

312. Katherine Hébert-Metthé – Consultante sur l’hypersexualisation, Montréal, QC, Canada

313. Orla Hegarty – NL, Canada

314. Hanne Helth – Board Member, Danish Women’s Society, Copenhagen, Denmark

315. Terrie Hendrickson – Vancouver, BC, Canada

316. Cathryn Henley – President, Canadian Federation of University Women Cranbrook Club, Cranbrook, BC, Canada

317. Céline Héon – Montréal, QC, Canada

318. Loralie Hettler – Vancouver, BC, Canada

319. Mary Honeyball – Member of the European Parliament, United Kingdom

320. Christine Honor – Australia

321. Myriam Houde – Criminologue au Service de police de la Ville de Gatineau, Gatineau, QC, Canada

322. Bernett Huang – Archival Studies, Fu Ren University, Vancouver, BC, Canada

323. Jade Hudon – QC, Canada

324. Donna M. Hughes – B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Professor & Carlson Endowed Chair, Gender & Women’s Studies Program, University of Rhode Island, United States

325. Charlotta Huldt-Ramberg – Member of the board or the UN Women National Committee, Sweden

326. Jacqui Hunt – Equality Now, London, United Kingdom

327. Patricia Hynes – Retired Professor of Environmental Health, Boston University and Director, Traprock Center for Peace and Justice, Greenfield, MA, United States

328. Valentina Iamotti – Resistenza femminista, Italy

329. Chantal Ismé – Organisatrice communautaire à la Concertation des luttes contre l’exploitation sexuelle, Montréal, QC, Canada

330. Ghada Jabbour – KAFA (enough) Violence & Exploitation, Lebanon

331. Professor Martha Jackman – LL.B., LL.M., L.S.M. Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada

332. Cynthia Jacques – Intervenante, Rouyn-Noranda, PQ, Canada

333. Suzanne Jay – MA, Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

334. Patricia Jean – Linguiste, Féministe, Haïti

335. Rhéa Jean – Ph. D in Philosophy (Laval University), Postdoctoral fellow at the

336. University of Luxembourg

337. Kimberly Jerome – Bookkeeper, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

338. Sonya Johal – BSc, Surrey, BC, Canada

339. Lone Alice Johansen – Head of Information, The Secretariat of the Shelter Movement, Oslo, Norway

340. Hedwig Johl – NGO in special consultative status with ECOSOC, Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd

341. Natasha Johnson – Graphic Designer, Vancouver, BC, Canada

342. Guðrún Jónsdóttir – talskona Stígamóta, Stígamótum, Reykjavík, Iceland

343. Valerie Judge – MBA, Management Consultant, Ireland

344. Justice for Girls, Vancouver, BC, Canada

345. Ludmila Karabaciska – Étudiante à l’Université Concordia, Applied human science, Montréal, QC, Canada

346. Annpôl Kassis – Paris, France

347. Soka Handinah Katjasungkana – LBH-Apik, Semarang, Indonesia

348. Ranjit Kaur – Ex Magistrate, ex-Director of Rights of Women UK, Lawyer, United Kingdom

349. Roisin Kelly – Ireland

350. Helen Kelsey – Status of Women Committee, Surrey Teachers Association, Surrey, BC, Canada

351. Marilyn Kempf – Équipes d’Action Contre le Proxénétisme, Paris, France

352. Hilla Kerner – Front line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

353. K. Kilbride – Surrey, BC, Canada

354. Jennifer Kim – BA Philosophy, Vancouver, BC, CanadA

355. Morgan King – Australia

356. Ann Kirkey – Toronto, ON, Canada

357. Antonia Kirkland – Equality Now, New York, United States

358. Daisy Kler – Front line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

359. Dr. Renate Klien – Spinifex Press, Australia

360. Donée-Maude Kobin – Intervenante, Rouyn-Noranda, PQ, Canada

361. Patsy Kolesar – Vancouver, BC, Canada

362. Donna Christie Kolkey – member of University Women’s Club, Vancouver, BC, Canada

363. Monica Krake – Communications Director, Vancouver, BC, Canada

364. Izabela Krekora – Manager of fund development, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

365. Cathrine Linn Kristiansen – Norway

366. Leanne Kwan – PharmD, Vancouver, BC, Canada

367. Renée Labrie – St-Jean-de-l’île-d’Orléans, QC, Canada

368. Sophie Labrie – Intervenante sociale au CALACS, Bromont, QC, Canada

369. Maryse Lafleur – QC, Canada

370. Isabelle Lafontaine – Étudiante au doctorat en travail social à l’Université de Montréal, Auxiliaire de recherche, Intervenante à l’association des familles monoparentales et recomposées de l’Outaouais, Professeure à la cité collégiale aux programmes de techniques de travail social et d’éducation spécialisée, Gatineau, QC, Canada

371. Judy Lafontaine, intervenante, CALACS, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

372. Allison Laing – BA, Vancouver, BC, Canada

373. Jennifer E. Laing – RN, BScN, Vancouver, BC, Canada

374. Monique, S.M. Lallier – Supérieure générale de l’Institut des Soeurs de miséricorde de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

375. Lee Lakeman – Women’s rights advocate, Vancouver, BC, Canada

376. Ève Lamont – Réalisatrice, Montréal, QC, Canada

377. Nancy Langlois – Action ontarienne contre la violence faite aux femmes Ottawa, ON, Canada

378. Catherine Lapointe – Canada

379. Ghislaine Laporte – S.N.J.M., QC, Canada

380. Marai Larasi – MBE, M.A. Executive Director, Imkaan, UK

381. Marilyn Larocque – R.H.S.J. Kingston, ON, Canada

382. Myriam Larocque – Intervenante, Étudiante, Montréal, QC, Canada

383. Trine Porret Randahl Larsen – President, Women’s Council in Denmark (Kvinderådet)

384. Gemma Laser – Belfast, ME, United States

385. Widlande Laurol – Linguiste, Membre d’organisation féministe, Haïti

386. Claudia Lavigueur – Intervenante, CALACS de Chateauguay, Ste-Clotilde, QC, Canada

387. Marie-Josée Lavoie – Secrétaire-administratrice RQCALACS, Montréal, PQ, Canada

388. Katherine B. Lawrence – J.D. Member, Board of Directors, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

389. Annette Lawson – Chair, the National alliance of Women’s Organizations, United Kingdom

390. M. Paule Lebel – Membre de la coordination du Québec de la marche mondiale des femmes, QC, Canada

391. Aurélie Lebrun, PhD – QC, Canada

392. Marie-Paule Lebrun – Montréal, QC, Canada

393. Brigitte Lechenr – Woman, United Kingdom

394. Patricia Leclair – Militante, Montréal, QC, Canada

395. Marie Lecomte – Vice President, Libres Mariannes, LMS, Member of the European Women Lobby

396. Alice Lee – Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

397. Jessica Lee – Front-line Crisis Worker, Vancouver, BC, Canada

398. Young Sun Lee – Vancouver, BC, Canada

399. Éliane Legault-Roy – Responsable des communications à la Concertation des luttes contre l’exploitation sexuelle, Maitrise en science politique, Montréal, QC, Canada

400. Dorchen A. Leidholdt – Director, Center for Battered Women’s Legal Services, Sanctuary for Families, New York

401. Ronitin Lentin – University Professor, Ireland

402. Barbara Leon – Watsonville, CA, United States

403. Carla Lesh – Kingston, NY, United States

404. Constance Létourneau – Membre du Comité de Montréal contre la traite des personnes, QC, Canada

405. Guilaine Levesque – Coordonnatrice CALACS, Baie-Comeau, PQ, Canada

406. Lévesque, Sandra – intervenante CALACS, Val d’Or, QC, Canada

407. Jacqueline Lewis – Emergency Medical Technician & Front line crisis worker at Vancouver Rape Relief & Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

408. Maureen Lewis – Red Deer, AB, Canada

409. Raïssa Leyan’Simbi – Action ontarienne contre la violence faite aux femmes Ottawa, ON, Canada

410. Jytte Lindgaard – Lawyer, member of The Danish National Observatory on Violence Against Women

411. Linklater, Sheila – Director of Finance, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

412. Pak Ka Liu – Victim Services Medical Support Worker, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

413. Josée Longchamps – Thérapeute, Tingwick, QC, Canada

414. Letizia Longo – Accountant, Turin, Italy

415. Marissa Lorenz – Colorado, United States

416. Lovely Jean Louis – Mémorante en lingUnited Statesitique et en études juridiques, Militante féministe, Haïti

417. Laura L. Lovett – Associate Professor, Department of History, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, United States

418. Brenda Lucke – RN, BSN, BA, GNC(C), Langley, BC, Canada

419. Emma Luke – Occupational Therapist, Australia

420. Nathalie Lussier – Secrétaire-comptable, Granby, QC, Canada

421. Ilaria Maccaroni – Resistenza femminista, Italy

422. Linda MacDonald – Persons Against NST, Canada

423. Ainsley MacGregor – Front-line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

424. R. MacKenzie – Feminist campaigner, Scotland

425. Alison Luke – Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia

426. Eliana Maestri – Feminist Group, Birmingham, UK

427. Dr. Arianna Maffiotti – Turin Local Health Services, Moncalieri (TO), Italy

428. Sarah M. Mah – BSc, Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

429. Grace Malkihara – Vancouver, BC, Canada

430. Sylvie Mantha – Chef Division recherche, développement et stratégie organisationnelle du Service de police de Gatineau, Gatineau, QC, Canada

431. Maude Marcaurelle – Intervenante sociale, Grenville-sur-la-Rouge, QC, Canada

432. Berthe Marcotte – Montréal, QC, Canada

433. Louise Marcotte – Survivante, Montréal, QC, Canada

434. Malka Marcovich – Historian and feminist writer, International consultant, Paris, France

435. Lorna Martin – Executive Assistant, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

436. Angela Martinez – TTS, Coordonatrice des services d’interventions du Calacs francophone d’Ottawa, ON, Canada

437. Virginia Martinez – Burnaby, BC, Canada

438. Annalise Masear-Gough – Vancouver, BC, Canada

439. Kristine Massey – Lecturer in Criminal Psychology, Canterbury Christchurch University, UK

440. Maureen Master – Human Rights Lawyer, United States

441. Ane Mathieson – Fulbright Fellow & Staff with the Organization for Prostitution Survivors, Seattle, Unites States

442. Jade Mathieu – Intervenante CALACS de Chateauguay, St-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada

443. Andrea Matolcsi – Equality Now, London, UK

444. Diane Matte – Activiste féministe, Concertation des luttes contre l’exploitation sexuelle, Montréal, QC, Canada

445. Maria Grazia Mauti – Resistenza femminista, Italy

446. Paula May – Experte en ressources humaines, Montréal, QC, Canada

447. Philippe Mayer – Géomaticien, Montréal, PQ, Canada

448. Paola Mazzei – Resistenza femminista, Italy

449. Dr. Melanie McCarry – Guild Senior Research Fellow, Connect Centre for International Research on Gender and Harm, University of Central Lancashire, UK

450. Geraldine McCarthy – Act to Prevent Trafficking, Ireland

451. Annie McCombs – Kalamazoo, MI, United States

452. Maureen McGowan – New York, NY, United States

453. Sheila McIntyre – Retired Professor of Law, University of Ottawa; specializing in Constitutional and Human Rights Law, Ottawa, ON, Canada

454. Caitlin McKellar – Board Member, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

455. Myriam Meilleur – Stagiaire, CALACS Chateauguay, QC, Canada

456. Chiara Melloni – Gruppo Femminile Plurale, Italy

457. Émilie Mercier-Roy – Survivante de la prostitution et co-fondatrice du Gîte L’Autre porte, Val-d’Or, QC, Canada

458. Gunhild Mewes – Germany

459. Nancy J. Meyer – Hyattsville, MD, United States

460. Ashley Milbury – MA, Front line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

461. Michelle Miller – DMin, Resist Exploitation, Embrace Dignity, Vancouver, BC, Canada

462. Jodie Millward – MCP, CCC, Aboriginal Family Counselor, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

463. Suzy Mingus – Accountant, Vancouver, BC, Canada

464. Shiloh Minor – Teacher, Vancouver, BC, Canada

465. Phyllis Minsky – Teacher and Aboriginal Advocate, Queen Elizabeth Secondary School, Surrey, BC, Canada

466. Kathy Miriam – PhD, Brooklyn, NY, United States

467. Adrienne Montani – Child Rights Advocate, Vancouver, BC, Canada

468. Rachel Moran – Founding Member of SPACE International (Survivors of Prostitution-Abuse Calling for Enlightenment), Ireland

469. Magdala Moreau – Mémorante en linguistique, Militante féministe, Haïti

470. Marthe Moreau – Montréal, QC, Canada

471. Michele Morek – PhD. UNANIMA International Inc. an ECOSOC-accredited NGO of the United Nations

472. Rachael Morgan – Student, Australia

473. Émilie Morin-Rivest – Intervenante à la maison d’hébergement pour elles des deux vallées, Gatineau, QC, Canada

474. Julie Charbonneau Morin – Éducatrice spécialisée, Montréal, QC, Canada

475. Marcelle Morin – QC, Canada

476. Nathalie Morin – Commis comptable, Amos, QC, Canada

477. Libby Morrison – United Kingdom

478. Françoise Morvan – Vice-présidente de la Coordination française pour le lobby européen des femmes

479. Dr. Helen Mott – Bristol Fawcett, United Kingdom

480. Rebecca Mott – Survivor of indoor prostitution, United Kingdom

481. Jeanne Françoise Mouè – La Maison, Toronto, ON, Canada

482. Debs Munn – Refugee Settlement Worker, Vancouver, BC, Canada

483. Lily Munroe – Women’s rights advocate and abolitionist, Australia

484. Meghan Murphy – MA, Founder & Editor, Feminist Current, Journalist, Vancouver, BC, Canada

485. Jeannine Nadeau – Infirmière, Ville de Québec, QC, Canada

486. Marie-Michelle Nault – Survivante, Montréal, QC, Canada

487. Amy Nahwegahbow – Senior Policy Analyst/ Researcher, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON

488. Ana Maria R. Nemenzo – National Coordinator, Woman Health Philippines

489. Frederica Newell – Ireland

490. Donna-Marie Newfield – Therapist, Canada

491. Kendra Newman – Heiltsuk Nation, front line anti-violence worker, Burnaby, BC, Canada

492. Liette Nobert – Montréal, QC, Canada

493. Clare Nolan – Srs of the Good Shepherd, New York, NY, United States

494. Celia Nord – Archaeologist, Lee Creek, BC, Canada

495. Jane Norlund – Norway

496. Dr. Caroline Norma – Lecturer in Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University, Australia

497. Ana Novakovic – Front-line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief & Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

498. Zdenka Novakovic – Burnaby, BC, Canada

499. Daniella Nunes-Taveira – Intervenante à la maison d’amitié – télécommunications à l’hôpital d’Ottawa, Technique de réadaptation et de justice pénale et présentement à l’université en criminologie, Ottawa, ON, Canada

500. Dr. Monica O’Connor – Independent Researcher, Ireland

501. Maura O’Donohue – Doctor, Ireland

502. Aibhlín O’Leary – Anti-Trafficking Project Coordinator Immigrant Council of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland

503. Katrin Öberg – Sweden

504. Lis Ehmer Olesen – Board member of the Women’s Council and The Danish National Observatory on Violence Against Women, Denmark

505. Catherine Olivier – Enseignante au collegial, Montréal, PQ, Canada

506. Maren Ollman – Turin, Italy

507. Kajsa Olsson – Sweden

508. Alina Olszewska – Turin, Italy

509. Blessing Osatohanmwen – Turin, Italy

510. Sonia Ossorio – President, National Organization for Women, New York, NY, United States

511. Oti Anukpe Ovrawah – Director, Nigerian Human Rights Commission, Abuja, Nigeria

512. Angel Love Owens – Perth, Australia

513. Geneviève Pagé – Phd, Professeure de science politique à l’UQAM, Montréal, QC, Canada

514. Karina Painchaud – QC, Canada

515. Celeste Pang – Freelance Bookkeeper, Vancouver, BC, Canada

516. Marie-Noël Paradis – Intervenante, Québec, PQ, Canada

517. Monique Paradis – Enseignante retraitée, QC, Canada

518. María Paredes – Student, Vancouver, BC, Canada

519. So Eyun Park – BMLSc., Burnaby, BC, Canada

520. Maggie Parks – Chief Executive, Women’s Rape and Sexual Abuse Centre, Cornwall, UK

521. Giulia Parm – Turin, Italy

522. Carla Pastorino – Genova, Italy

523. Kim Pate – Executive Director, Canadian Association of Elizabeth Fry Societies, Ottawa, ON, Canada

524. Niovi Patsicakis – B.Ed, M.Ed., Special Education Consultant, SENG-trained facilitator, Canada

525. Yolaine Paul – Responsable de bibliothèque, Études administratives et comptable, Membre d’organisation féministe, Haïti

526. Sokie Paulin – Glendale, CA, United States

527. Françoise Pellerin – Montréal, QC, Canada

528. Gisèle Pellerin – Montréal, QC, Canada

529. Céline Pelletier – Maison Interlude, Hawkesbury, ON, Canada

530. Lise Perras – Montréal, QC, Canada

531. Julie-Anne Perrault – Féministe, Montréal, QC, Canada

532. Nathalie Perreault – Travailleuse culturelle et féministe (abolitionniste), Montréal, QC, Canada

533. Bridget Perrier – SexTrade101, ON, Canada

534. Marisa Perrone – Turin, Italy

535. Dr. Jenny Petrak – MSc, PsychD

536. Heidi Petrak – Msc. Nursing Professor, BC, Canada

537. Gaëtane Pharand – Centre Victoria, Sudbury, ON, Canada

538. Jacqueline Picard – QC, Canada

539. Stéphanie Picard – Intervenante, Rouyn-Noranda, PQ, Canada

540. Elizabeth A. Pickett – LL.M, ON, Canada

541. Ellen Pilcher – Activist & Writer, United Kingdom

542. Candice Pilgrim – Lawyer, Belleville, ON, Canada

543. Maudy Piot – Présidente de l’Association Femmes Pour le Dire, Femmes pour Agir, France

544. Kathleen Piovesan – Ph.D. Candidate, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, United States

545. Marie-Christine Plante – Ph.D. candidate sociology, UQAM, Montreal, QC, Canada

546. Anne Plourde – Doctorante en science politique UQAM, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, PQ, Canada

547. Dianne Post – Attorney, Phoenix Women Take Back the Night, Phoenix, Arizona, United States

548. Monique Potin – Bibliothécaire et féministe, Val-d’Or, QC, Canada

549. Claudette Poupart – Retraitée, Boucherville, PQ, Canada

550. Brittney Powell – Feminist, BA, Nelson, BC, Canada

551. Jalysha Pratap – Vancouver, BC, Canada

552. Colette Price – Midwife, Feminist, NY, United States

553. Dr. Helen Pringle – School of Social Sciences UNSW, Sydney, Australia

554. Claudia Quendo – Turin, Italy

555. Marielle Quenneville – Montréal, QC, Canada

556. Suzanne Quinn – Réseau femmes sud-ouest, Sarnia, ON, Canada

557. Chanelle Ram – Feminist nursing student, Vancouver, BC, Canada

558. Claudia Ramirez – Bénévole GAP, Chateauguay, QC, Canada

559. Sandra Ramos – Founder/Executive Director, Strengthen Our Sisters, Shelter and Advocacy for homeless/battered women and children, NJ, United States

560. Natalie Ranspot – BA, Vancouver, BC, Canada

561. Jody Raphael – Visiting Professor of Law, Depaul University, United States

562. Anne Rasmussen – LivaRehab, Denmark

563. Christelle Raspolini – Présidente du comité Ni putes ni soumises de Guadeloupe, Le gosier, Guadeloupe

564. Janice G. Raymond – Professor Emerita of Women’s Studies and Medical Ethics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, United States

565. Anyta Raymond – Reviseur, Cowansville, QC, Canada

566. Anber Raz – Equality Now, London, UK

567. Sarah Mélodie Razafintsehere – Bénévole GAP, Chateauguay, QC, Canada

568. Jennifer Reed – Rain and Thunder Collective, MA, United States

569. Yasmin Rehman – Women’s rights campaigner, member of the End Violence Against Women Coalition Board, UK

570. Stephanie Reifferscheid – BA, Women’s Advocate and counselor for more than 25 years, Vancouver, BC, Canada

571. Jennifer Remnant – United Kingdom

572. Sandrine Ricci – Phd Student and Assistant professor (UQAM), Montréal, PQ, Canada

573. Hélène Richard – Intervenante auprès des femmes, Montréal, QC, Canada

574. Mylène Richer – Éducatrice en garderie, Beauharnois, QC, Canada

575. Jenny Rickmann – Nurse, Germany

576. Chantelle Rideout – MFA University of New Brunswick, Halifax, NS, Canada

577. Nella Righetti – Turin, Italy

578. Cossette Rivera – Equality Now, New York, United States

579. Haile Rivera – New York, United States

580. Chantal Robitaille – Intervenante CALACS Chateauguay, Beauharnois, QC, Canada

581. Sanda Rodgers – Emeritus Professor, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada

582. Eleanor Roffman – Ed.D. Professor and Director of Field Training, Division of Counseling and Psychology, Graduate School of Arts and Social Sciences, Lesley University, MA, United States

583. Caitlin Roper – WA State Coordinator, Collective Shout, Australia

584. Carissa Ropponen – BA, Executive and Development Assistant, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

585. Nina Rose, MD – Vice President, Swedish Medical Women’s Association, Sweden

586. Garine Roubinian – Rain and Thunder Collective, MA, United States

587. Nayiree Roubinian – Rain and Thunder Collective, MA, United States

588. Isabelle Rouillard – Intervenante, QC, Canada

589. Justine Rouse-Lamarre – Étudiante à la maîtrise en histoire à l’UQAM, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada

590. Gerardine Rowley – Ruhama, Ireland

591. Lorraine Roy – Militante et survivante de la prostitution, St-Jérôme, QC, Canada

592. Michèle Roy – Organisatrice communautaire, Montréal, QC, Canada

593. Sylvie Roy – Désigner, St-Pie, QC, Canada

594. Rita Ruel – Enseignante retraitée, QC, Canada

595. Marion Runcie – Vancouver BC, Canada

596. Assistant Professor Rakhi Ruparelia B.Sc., B.S.W., LL.B. M.S.W., LL.M. – University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

597. Dr. Emma Rush – Lecturer in Ethics and Philosophy, Charles Stuart University, Australia

598. Louisa Russell – Front-line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

599. Roweena Russell – United Kingdom

600. Persia Rutchinski – Sydney, Australia

601. Susanne Rutchinski – BA, graphic designer, Vancouver, BC, Canada

602. Valentina S., – Resistenza femminista, Italy

603. Marie-Claude Saindon – Intervenante CALACS de Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada

604. Peggy Sakow – Founding Co-Chair and Member, Temple Committee Against Human Trafficking, Temple Emanu-El-Beth Sholom, Montreal, QC, Canada

605. Anaïs Salamon – Bibliothécaire en chef bibliothèque d’études islamiques de l’Université McGill, Montréal, QC, Canada

606. Roberta Salper – Resident Scholar, Women’s Studies Research Center, Brandeis University Boston, MA, United States

607. Julieta Montaño Salvatierra – Abogada, Directora de la Oficina Jurídica Para la Mujer

608. Yolanda Sanchez-Contreras – Communications Coordinator GSIJP Office Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd (An NGO in special consultative status with ECOSOC, UN)

609. Myles Sanchez – President, Bagong Kamalayan Prostitution Survivors’ Collective, Manila, Philippines

610. Aida F. Santos-Maranan – President & Executive Director, Board of Trustees Consultant on Gender, Development, Human Rights, Philippines

611. Mélanie Sarroino – LL.M., Agente de liaison et de promotion RQCALACS (Regroupement québécois des centres d’aide et de lutte contre les agressions à caractère sexuel), Montréal, PQ, Canada

612. Jeanne Sarson – Persons Against Non-State Torture, Canada

613. Katharina Sass – Norway

614. Kathryn Scarbrough – PhD, East Brunswick, NJ, United States

615. Sarah Schwartz – United States

616. Emma Scott – Director, Rights of Women, London, UK

617. Amy Sebes – Founder, Association of Albanian Girls and Women (AAGW), Albania

618. Karen Segal – B.A, JD candidate 2014, Vancouver, BC, Canada

619. Solveig Senft – Abolitionist, Member of Terre des Femmes, Germany

620. Brittney Sharma – Activist, Vancouver, BC, Canada

621. Jonnie Sharp – NC, United States

622. Carole Shea – Militante, Rawdon, QC, Canada

623. Professor Elizabeth Sheehy – LLB, LLM, LLD (Hons LSUC), 2014 Recipient of the CBA Ramon Hnatyshyn Award for Law

624. Idit Harel Shemesh – Machon Toda’a Awareness Center, Israel

625. Victoria Sherman – Italy

626. Sr. Terry Shields – MSHR President, Dawn’s Place, Philadelphia, United States

627. Maire Ni Shuilleabhain – Support worker with women affected by prostitution and THB, Ireland

628. Linda Shuto – Vancouver, BC, Canada

629. Christiane Sibillotte – Comité justice sociale des soeurs auxiliatrices, Montréal, QC, Canada

630. Rachèle Simard – Artiste, Montréal, QC, Canada

631. Associate Professor Penelope Simons – BA, LLB, LLM, PhD, Honours: Human Security Fellow 2002-2004 Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, ON, Canada

632. Ann Simonton – Media Watch, United States

633. Indrani Sinha – Executive Director, Sanlaap, India

634. Georgette Sirois – Infirmière retraitée, Ville de Québec, QC, Canada

635. Chris Sitka – Australia

636. Shannon Slight – Tasmania, Australia

637. Stephanie-Grace Skrobisz – Santa Cruz, CA, United States

638. Cherry Smiley – Nlaka’pamux/Thompson and Dine’/Navajo Nations, co-founder of Indigenous Women Against the Sex Industry, BC, Canada

639. Keira Smith-Tague – Front line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

640. Betty M. Smith – Camden, ME, United States

641. Linnea W. Smith – MD, North Carolina, United States

642. Peggy R. Smith – Lincolnville, ME, United States

643. Joan Smurthwaite – Catholic Women’s League WA, Australia

644. Mudahogora Solange – Maitrise en sociologie avec spécialisation en études des femmes de l’université d’Ottawa, Représentante de Femmes action en région métropolitaine de Halifax, NS, Canada

645. Silvia Elida Ortiz Solis – Representante del Grupo Civil VI.D.A, Torreon, Mexico

646. Carole Anne Soong – University Women’s Club, Vancouver, BC, Canada

647. Lisa Sparrow – Skowkale First Nation, Front-line anti-violence worker Chilliwack, BC, Canada

648. Emily Spence – BA, Vancouver, BC, Canada

649. Terre Spencer – United States

650. Anne-Marie Spera – Travaillese Sociale, Gatineau, QC, Canada

651. Nadine Spuls – Vancouver, BC, Canada

652. Michèle St-Amand – Sexologue et psychothérapeute, Laval, QC, Canada

653. Johanne St-Amour – Féministe, QC, Canada

654. Ginette St-Jean – Val Joli, QC, Canada

655. Professor Joanne St. Lewis BA, LLB – University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ONCanada

656. Ivana Stazio – Italy

657. Lisa Steacy – BA, front-line anti-violence worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

658. Cornelia Sternberg – Germany

659. Holly Stevens – Vancouver, BC, Canada

660. Hanne Storset – Analyzer, Social Sciences, Norway

661. Johanna Strand – Teacher and feminist, Norway

662. Terrie Strange – Organizing for Women’s Liberation, Yuma, AZ, United States

663. Emily Streibel – Raymond, AB, Canada

664. Eva Streibel – Raymond, AB, Canada

665. Katie Streibel – Transition House Worker, Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

666. Agnete Strøm – The Women’s Front of Norway, Bergen, Norway

667. Leah Strudwick – Student, Toronto, ON, Canada

668. Annie Sugier – President, Ligue du Droit International des Femmes, Paris, France

669. Eun Soon Suh – Burnaby, BC, Canada

670. Amanda Sullivan – Equality Now, New York, United States

671. Doris Sullivan – Militante abolitionniste, Rawdon, QC, Canada

672. Rose Sullivan – Militante et survivante de la prostitution, Rawdon, QC, Canada

673. Elsie Suréna – Intervenante dans le domaine de la violence contre les femmes, Toronto, ON, Canada

674. Jacqueline Sutton – BA, Vancouver, BC, Canada

675. Fumi Suzuki – Executive Director, Space Allies, Japan

676. Eva-Britt Svensson – former Member of the European Parliament, Sweden

677. Hélène Sylvain – Conseillère pédagogique, St-Jérome, QC, Canada

678. Geneviève Szczepanik – Ph.d., Montréal, QC, Canada

679. Carolina Tafuri – Italy

680. Mairead Tagg – Clinical Psychologist and specialist in gender based violence, Scotland

681. Julie Talbot – Montréal, QC, Canada

682. Elsie Tan – MSN, member of University Women’s Club, Vancouver, BC, Canada

683. Emilia Tedesco – Turin, Italy

684. Karin Temerpley – Melbourne, Australia

685. Danièle Tessier – Sociologue, Montréal, QC, Canada

686. Randi Theil – Head of Secretariat, Women’s Council in Denmark (Kvinderådet)

687. Maj Britt Theorin – F. member of European Parliament and chairwomen of the Committee of Women’s Right and Equality

688. Carole Thériault – Intervenante sociale au CALACS, St-Alphonse, QC, Canada

689. Mélanie Thétrault – Intervenante, Granby, QC, Canada

690. Joan Thomas – RN, PhD, Memphis, Tennessee, United States

691. Nia Thomas – Artist, London, United Kingdom

692. Linda Thompson – Women’s Support Project, Scotland

693. Virginie Tiberghien – Action ontarienne contre la violence faite aux femmes Ottawa, ON, Canada

694. Yvonne Tierney – ON, Canada

695. Léa Trahan – Montréal, QC, Canada

696. Alice Tremblay – Montréal, QC, Canada

697. Karine Tremblay – Agente de liaison RQCALACS, Montréal, PQ, Canada

698. Dr. Jill Trenholm – Lecturer/researcher, Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Sweden

699. Rita Trottier – Montréal, QC, Canada

700. Ada Tsang – BSW, Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

701. Irene Tsepnopoulos-Elhaimer – Executive Director, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

702. Louise Turmel – Enseignante retraitée, Ville de Québec, QC, Canada

703. Jane Turner – Teacher, Burnaby, BC, Canada

704. Gale Tyler – Vancouver, BC, Canada

705. Anna Ulatowshki – Germany

706. Sara Ungar – ON, Canada

707. Nordic Model Advocates, United Kingdom

708. Adina Ungureanu – Ville Saint-Laurent, QC, Canada

709. Helen Uwangue – Benin City, Nigeria

710. France Vallières – Retraitée, Rive Sud, QC, Canada

711. Sylvie Van Brabant – Cinéaste, Montréal, QC, Canada

712. Nicolien Van Luijk – MA, PhD (c), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

713. Toni Van Pelt – Public Policy Director, Institute for Science and Human Values, Inc. FL, United States

714. Claudette Vandal – Montréal, QC, Canada

715. Helen Vasa – Registered Clinical Counsellor, Canada

716. Roberta Veenstra – Engaged Citizen, Nanaimo, BC, Canada

717. Marie Hélène Veillette – Conseillère en rééducation, Granby, QC, Canada

718. Sue Veneer – United Kingdom

719. Michèle Vianès – Présidente de regards de femmes, Lyon, France

720. Marilou Vidal – Bénévole GAP, Mercier, QC, Canada

721. Monique Vigneault – Retraitée, Amos, QC, Canada

722. Jeanne Villeneuve – Directrice des institutions patrimoniales Blueland, Conseillère de quartier mairie du 7° arrondissement de Paris, Présidente de l’Association quartier Breteuil de Paris, France

723. Ariane Vinet-Bonin – Étudiante à la maîtrise en service social à l’Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

724. Dr. Judith Walker – Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

725. Megan Walker – Executive Director, London Abused Women’s Centre, London, ON, Canada

726. Zuilmah Wallis – Ireland

727. Dr. Renate Walther – Germany

728. Pei-Ju Wang – Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

729. Claire Warmels – Étudiante en philosophie à Concordia University, Montréal, QC, Canada

730. Simone Watso – Exited survivor, Australia

731. Maureen Watt – Citoyenne, St-Lin-Laurentides, QC, Canada

732. Megan Watt – Leduc, AB, Canada

733. Karin Werkman – Researcher, the Netherlands

734. Morgan Westcott – Vancouver, BC, Canada

735. Chloe Westlake – BA, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

736. Vicki Wharton – Antipornculture, United Kingdom

737. Dr. Rebecca Whisnant – Director of Women’s and Gender Studies, University of Dayton, United States

738. Cindy Wilkinson – ON, Canada

739. Jeri Williams – Survivor 2 Survivor, Portland, OR, United States

740. Jacqueline Wilson – Businesswoman and Philanthropist, Board Chair, Women Against Violence Against Women Rape Crisis Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada

741. Margareta Winberg – Former deputy prime minister and minister for gender equality, Sweden

742. Ursula Wojciechowski – Translator, Germany

743. Elizabeth Wolber – Teacher at Fraser Heights Secondary School, Collective member with Vancouver Rape Relief and Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

744. Angela Wong – Edmonton, AB, Canada

745. Crystal Wong – Asian Women Coalition Ending Prostitution, Canada

746. Maria Wong – Front line anti-violence worker Vancouver Rape Relief & Women’s Shelter, BC, Canada

747. Jodie Woodward – Head of Operations, Nia Ending Violence, UK

748. Corey Lee Wrenn – founder Vegan Feminist Network, United States

749. Pauline Yargeau – Administratrice d’un centre d’aide et de lutte contre les agressions à caractère sexuel, Amos, QC, Canada

750. Elisabeth Zadnick – QC, Canada

751. Kerstin Zander – Re-Empowerment e.V., Deutschland

752. Clorinde Zephir – Professeure de littérature française, Directrice d’organisation féministe, Haïti

 

Men in support of the letter

753. Brian Africa – Vancouver, BC, Canada=

754. Dr. Ifode Ajari – Medical doctor, United States

755. Iroro Ajari – Nigeria

756. Obuks Ajari – Lagos, Nigeria

757. Kevin Ault – High School Teacher, Vancouver, BC, Canada

758. Louis Bélisle – Consultant en développement organisationnel, Montréal, QC, Canada

759. Alain Benoit – Travailleur du réseau de la santé, Montréal, QC, Canada

760. Bert Bjarland – Vice President, Profeministmiehet, Finland

761. Didier Bois – Enseignant, Paris, France

762. Andrew Bomberry – Policy Analyst/ Researcher, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

763. Paolo Botti – Executive Director, Associazione Amici di Lazzaro, Italy

764. Dr. Christoph Brake – Germany

765. Dr. Robert Brannon, Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College CUNY.

National Chairperson, NOMAS Task Group on Pornography, Prostitution, and Sex-Trafficking

766. Mordecai Briemberg – Member of StopWar.ca, retired College Instructor, Burnaby, BC, Canada

767. Stan Burditt – Founder, MAST-Men Against Sexual Trafficking, Canada

768. Giorgio Carpita – Italy

769. Denis Carrier – QC, Canada

770. Philippe Fortier Charette – Travailleur, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada

771. Mathieu Charland-Faucher – Organisateur communautaire, Granby, QC, Canada

772. Gagan Chhabra – Student, Norway

773. Alex Coles – BFA Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

774. Guillaume Danis – Militant, Saint-Lin, QC, Canada

775. James Darbouze – Enseignant-chercheur, Militant syndical, Port-au-Prince, Haïti

776. Jhonson Desir – Linguiste, Membre d’organisation féministe, Haïti

777. Timothy Dickau – DMin, Vancouver, BC, Canada

778. Martin Dufresne – Journalist, Le COUAC, Canada

779. Paul Eid – Professeur au Département de sociologie de l’UQAM, Montréal, QC, Canada

780. Pius Elue – Chicago, IL, United States

781. Renel Exentus – Militant Assumer Ayiti, Montréal, QC, Canada

782. Marco Fasoli – Turin, Italy

783. Professor Gene Feder – Professor of Primary Health Care, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK

784. Professor Bruce Feldthusen – former Dean, BA Queen’s, JD Michigan, LLB Western and LLM Michigan

785. Antonio Chiadò Fiorio Tin – Mayor, Massello Municipality, Province of Turin, Italy

786. Joshua Flavell – Sydney, Australia

787. Nicolas Flechier – Travailleur social, Membre d’organisation féministe, Haïti

788. Matt Fodor – ON, Canada

789. Daniele Gaglianone – Film Producer, Turin, Italy

790. Adam Gagnon – Militant, Beauharnois, QC, Canada

791. Martin Gallié – Professeur de droit à l’Université du Québec à Montréal, QC, Canada

792. Gabriel Garcia – Comptable, Grenville-sur-la-Rouge, QC, Canada

793. Claude Gendron – Retraité, Responsable des achats à la maison mère des Soeurs de miséricorde, Brossard, QC, Canada

794. Ioan Gi-Kwong – Étudiant, Bromont, QC, Canada

795. Massimo Gianasso – Turin Municipality Police Force, Turin, Italy

796. Maurizio Gili – Accountant, Senior Partner, Maurizio Gili & Co, Turin, Italy

797. Azlan Graves – LPN/Outreach nurse, Vancouver, BC, Canada

798. Chris Green – Director White Ribbon Campaign, UK

799. Michael Horowitz – CEO, 21 Century Initiatives, Principal Author of the US Trafficking Victims, Protection Act

800. Benedict Hynes – PhD candidate, Simon Fraser University, BC, Canada

801. Biko Ismé-René – Étudiant, Artiste, Travailleur, Montréal, QC, Canada

802. Dr. Robert Jensen – University of Texas at Austin, Texas, United States

803. Thomas H. Kemsley – Vancouver, BC, Canada

804. Edoardo Kibongui – Italian Baptist Union of Churches, Turin, Italy

805. Anton Klepke – Sweden

806. Claude Labrecque – QC, Canada

807. Benjamin Lach – Germany

808. Marie-Thérèse Lacourse – QC, Canada

809. Matthew K. Laing – Vancouver, BC, Canada

810. Michael Laxer – Toronto City Council Candidate-Ward 6, Toronto, ON, Canada

811. Gabriel Legault – Mi-retraité service quincaillerie et ami dans la fam. Int. De la miséricorde, Lachine, QC, Canada

812. Gabriele Lenzi – Resistenza femminista, Italy

813. David Lohan – Co-Author “Open Secrets: An Irish Perspective on Trafficking & Witchcraft”, Ireland

814. Oscar Sanchez Viesca Lopez – Miembro activo del grupo civil VI.D.A y amnrdac, Torreon, Mexico

815. Eli Mack-Hardiman – NY, United States

816. Claudio Magnabosco – Director and co-founder, Associazione Ragazze di Benin City, Italy

817. Guy Malette – Responsable des Achats et de la maintenance de la Maison mère des Soeurs de Miséricorde, Montréal, QC, Canada

818. Pascal Marcil – Senior specialist, Bromont, QC, Canada

819. Dr. Michael Markwick – Capilano University, North Vancouver, BC, Canada

820. Colin Mingus – Vancouver, BC, Canada

821. Josua Mata – Secretary-General, SENTRO Labor Center, Philippines

822. Hugh McElveen – Independent Researcher, Ireland

823. David McHugh – Vancouver, BC, Canada

824. Ronald Meyer – Halfmoon Bay, BC, Canada

825. Patrick Morin – Militant, Valleyfield, QC, Canada

826. Ryan Munn – Vancouver, BC, Canada

827. Jonathan Nambu – Executive Director, Samaritana Transformation Ministries, Inc., Philippines

828. Michael Nestor – Australia

829. David H. Nguyen – Editor-in-Chief, Cancer InCytes Magazine, USA

830. Irwin Oostindie – Media producer, Vancouver, BC, Canada

831. Arinze Orakue – Director of PR, Nigerian National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP), Abuja, Nigeria

832. Joe Osagie – Greater London City Council, London, UK

833. Lucky Oseye – Turin, Italy

834. Simeon Pang – Vancouver, BC, Canada

835. Pascale Parent – Interventante CALACS de Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada

836. Dan Peters – Partnership Co-ordinator, Native Women’s Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

837. Alain Philoctète – Coordonateur de programmes, Poète, Maîtrise en pratique de recherche et action publique, Montréal, QC, Canada

838. Richard Poulin – Professeur émérite département de sociologie et d’anthropologie de l’Université d’Ottawa, Professeur associé à l’Institut de recherches et d’études féministes (IREF) de l’Université du Québec à Montréal, Ville Mont-Royal, QC, Canada

839. Professor Keith Pringle – Professor of Sociology with a specialism in social work, Uppsala University, Sweden; Adjungeret Professor, Aalborg University, Denmark; and Honorary Professor, University of Warwick, UK

840. Fred Robert – Fondateur, Zéromacho

841. Vincent Romani – Professeur régulier, département de science politique à l’Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

842. Marc Andris Saint Louis – Travailleur social, Membre d’organisation féministe, Haïti

843. Dario Saluz – Architect, Turin, Italy

844. Hugh Samson – B.Sc, P. Geo. Vancouver, BC, Canada

845. François Savard – Directeur de la Maison mère des Soeurs de Miséricorde, Montréal, QC, Canada

846. Philippe Scelles – Président d’honneur et vice-président de la Fondation Scelles

847. Yves Scelles – Vice-président de la Fondation Scelles, France

848. Reece K. Sellin – Fort Saskatchewan, AB, Canada

849. Marc André Sullivan – Militant, Montréal, QC, Canada

850. François Trudel – Directeur d’entreprise Chandelles tradition, St-Constant, QC, Canada

851. Elcid Vedinel – Linguiste, Membre d’organisation féministe, Haïti

852. Ray Justin Ventura – National Chairperson, Youth and Students Advancing Gender Equality (YSAGE), Philippines

853. Max Waltman – PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, Sweden

854. Marv Wheale – Home Health Air, Vancouver, BC, Canada

855. Jonathan R. Wilson – Ph.D., Carey Theological College, Vancouver, BC, Canada

856. Carlo Italo Zanotti – Architect, Senior Partner, Artom & Zanotti Associati, Turin, Italy

857. David Zimmerman – GEMS Council of Daughters, National Survivor Network, Polaris Project Legislative Circle, United States of America

 

 

Footnotes

[1] Canada (Attorney General) v.Bedford, 2012 ONCA 186, para. 117, online at: http://www.ontariocourts.ca/decisions/2012/2012ONCA0186.pdf

[2] Canada (Attorney General) v. Bedford, 2013 SCC 72, para. 86, online at: http://scc-csc.lexum.com/scc-csc/scc-csc/en/item/13389/index.do.

[3] Seo-Young Cho, Axel Dreher, Eric Neumayer,“Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?” World Development, vol. 41, pp. 67–82, 2013.

[4] Ministry of Justice (New Zealand), “Street-Based Workers,” Report of the Prostitution Law Review Committee on the Operation of the Prostitution Reform Act 2003, chap. 8, 2008, online at: http://www.justice.govt.nz/policy/commercial-property-and-regulatory/pro….

[5] Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (Germany), Report by the Federal Government on the Impact of the Act Regulating the Legal Situation of Prostitutes (Prostitution Act), July 2007, at 79. online at: www.mvcr.cz/soubor/05-regulating-legal-situation-of-prostitutes.aspx. See also, Ministry of Security and Justice (The Netherlands), Daalder, A.L., WODC (Research and Documentation Centre), “Conclusions,” Prostitution in the Netherlands since the lifting of the brothel ban, 2007, online at: http://english.wodc.nl/onderzoeksdatabase/1204e-engelse-vertaling-rapport-evaluatie-opheffing-bordeelverbod.aspx?cp=45&cs=6798