When it comes to issues of substance abuse and addiction, many recovery models have been criticized as being geared towards men or said not to take into account the realities of women’s lives and experiences. Issues like sexual and physical abuse tend to factor heavily into the histories of women dealing with substance abuse. Beyond that, stereotypes around race, gender and class have impacted the way we think about addiction and treat those who are dealing with substance abuse issues.

In this episode, Meghan Murphy speaks with Laura Schmidt, a Professor of Health Policy in the School of Medicine at the University of California in San Francisco. She is the author of dozens of articles on the intersections of gender, race, poverty and addiction.

Listen to that interview below.